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ISO/TS 16949《质量管理体系——汽车生产件及相关服务件组织应用》  2009-11-9

前言 Foreword


    国际标准化组织(ISO)是由各国标准化机构(ISO成员机构)组成的世界性联合会。国际标准的拟定由ISO技术委员会负责。各成员机构若对某技术委员会所选定的主题感兴趣,均有权参加该委员会的工作。与ISO保持联系的各国组织(官方的或非官方的)也可参加该项工作。ISO与国际电器委员会(IEC)在电工技术标准化方面保持密切合作的关系。
    ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.
    本国际标准是依照ISO/IEC导则第2部分中的规则制定的。
    International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.
    技术委员会的主要任务是制定国际标准. 本国际技术标准草案已由技术委员会通过,并传阅各成员机构一共投票表决。国际标准的公布需要至少75%的参加投票的成员团体批准。
    The main task of technical committees is to prepare international standards,Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an international standard requires approval by at least 75% of the member bodies casting a vote.
    在其它情况下,特别是在市场急需某个文件时,技术委员会可以决定出版其他形式的规范文件:
    In other circumstances, particularly when there is an urgent market requirement for such documents, a technical committee may decide to publish other types of normative document:
    —ISO公布的可获得规范(ISO/PAS)代表一项在一个ISO工作小组内的技术专家达成的协议,在相应委员会的成员的投票中有50%投票赞成后就可以出版发行。
    —an ISO Publicly Available Specification (ISO/PAS) represents an agreement between technical experts in an ISO working group and is accepted for publication if it is approved by 50 % of the members of the parent committee casting a vote;
    —ISO技术规范(ISO/TS),是技术委员会成员之间达成的协议,在委员会成员所投票中有2/3投票赞成后就可以出版发行。
    —an ISO Technical Specification (ISO/TS) represents an agreement between the members of a technical committee and is accepted for publication if it is approved by 2/3 of the members of the committee casting a vote.
    ISO/TS 16949是由国际汽车工业特别行动小组(IATF),在ISO/TC176 质量管理和质量保证技术委员会支持下制定的。
    ISO/TS 16949 was prepared by the International Automotive Task Force (IATF) with support from ISO/TC 176, Quality management and quality assurance.
    通过根据ISO9001 :2008所作的技术修订,第三版的ISO/TS16949取消并替代了第二版(ISO/TS 16949:2002)
    This third edition of ISO/TS 16949 cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO/TS 16949:2002), which has been technically amended according to ISO 9001:2008.
    方框内的文本是ISO 9001:2008的原文内容,方框外是行业特殊补充的要求。
    Boxed text is original ISO 9001:2008 text. The sector-specific supplemental requirements are outside the boxes.
    在本技术规范中,“应”(shall)表示要求,“应当”(should)表示建议。标示有“注”(NOTE)的段落是对理解或澄清相关要求的指南。
    In this Technical Specification, the word “shall” indicates a requirement. The word “should” indicates a recommendation. Paragraphs marked “NOTE” are for guidance in understanding or clarifying the associated requirement.
    所有用“例如”引出的建议都只具有指导性作用.
    Where the term “such as” is used, any suggestions given are for guidance only.
    附录A是本技术规范的引用文件,构成技术规范的一部分。
    Annex A forms a normative part of this Technical Specification.

 

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